THE PHYSICS OF THE DAY OF JUDGMENT
The idea that there could be life beyond the grave raises many questions. What happens to us on dying? What is soul? Does it leave the body to enter
the spiritual world which is beyond human perception in some other dimension? Are the souls reincarnated to enter a body of a newborn in an endless
cycle of life and death as in the beliefs of some eastern religions? Is the soul taken and kept somewhere until the Day of Judgment to be reunited with
the body that rises from the grave? All the above are spiritual questions which cannot be answered from the view point of science.  The most direct
and meaningful question is addressed in the Quran:
The belief in life after death is part of many religious traditions and the concept that bad or good deeds in this world will be repaid with punishment or
paradise in afterlife is a major part of Islamic teachings. Numerous verses in the Quran describe the Day of Judgment, resurrection and life after death;
the main recurring themes are the final earthquake and that mankind will physically rise from the grave to see what they have done before. In the
following pages I would like to show that the various descriptions of the Day of Judgment given in the Quran are not just a myth or wishful thinking but
are based on real scientific principles.  Rising up from the grave and coming back alive can happen simply with the reversal of time.
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We can believe what we wish; however the remarkable material progress that we see around us is not based on wishful thinking but is due to
understanding of scientific principles and its precise application to produce the wonders of technology. We understand truth enough so as to prefer
seeking advice of physicians over witch doctors and to put our trust in mechanical devices like airplanes to fly us across continents in a few hours.  
Scientific progress cannot be made with wishful thinking or majority vote; if that was the case Columbus would have surely fallen of the earth in 1492.

Despite advances in sciences and technology and a world that demands proof, even the greatest of proof is only for the believer as religious belief
comes from deep within us. The greatest of proofs will not satisfy someone who does not wish to believe, while the slightest evidence can be a great
source of comfort for the believer. In this context let us look at the story of Prophet Ibrahim (peace be on him) given in the Quran.
As we progress through the article I will lay out the mechanism behind the Day of Judgment and compare it to the verses given in the Quran. The large
amount of information that is condensed in this article may appear overwhelming, however if you have patience to go through it you will leave with a
fairly good idea about Yom-Al-Qiyaamah, so when you come across these verses in your future readings of the Quran you will understand what it all
really means.
                                                                                   RESURRECTION IS A PHYSICAL PROCESS

Contrary to popular belief among the Muslims, resurrection from the grave described in the Quran appears to be a physical process. In the above
verses the resurrection of the dead is compared to physical processes in nature like the growth of plants after rain; this suggests that revival after
death is also a process based on natural laws on which the universe is built. A brief review of cosmology given in the next few pages will help in
understanding the physical mechanism that leads to the Day of Judgment.


                                                                                        
THE TRULY TREMENDOUS UNIVERSE
The majesty and vastness of the universe gives us a glimpse into the tremendous power of Allah (SWT). The circumference of our planet earth is
about forty thousand kilometers, which is a distance that light, can travel seven times in one second. As the distances become larger the numbers
become mind boggling. The universe is so vast that the distances between stars and galaxies have to be measured in "light years," which is the
distance traveled by light in a year at the speed of three hundred thousand kilometers per second.

Our solar system consists of the earth and eight other planets that are orbiting around a star that we call the sun. The distance between earth and sun
is eight minutes at the speed of light. The distance to the furthest planet Pluto is five hours and twenty eight minutes at the speed of light, compared to
this, the nearest star from the earth other than our sun, is four light years away.

Our sun with its planets along with approximately two hundred billion stars is part of the Milky Way Galaxy. The Milky Way, like most other galaxies is
so large that traveling at the speed of light; it would take one hundred and fifty thousand years to go from one side of it to the other. The galaxies are
separated from each other by few hundred thousand to millions of light years.
According to recent estimates there are over two trillion galaxies in the
truly gigantic universe.
                                                                           THE BEGINNING OF THE UNIVERSE: THE BIG BANG

The universe came into existence about 13 billion years ago in an event called the "The big bang. Quran even alludes to the fact that the discovery
of the origin of the universe in the big bang and the aquatic origin of life will be made by non-Muslims, ("those who disbelieve”).
This event is
described in the following verses:
                                                                                         THE ACCELERATING EXPANSION

The article “THE PHYSICS OF THE DAY OF JUDGMENT" is based on the concept that the expansion of the universe (space) is the cause of the
“phenomenon of time.” If this is true then as the expansion of the universe slows it will paradoxically appear to be expanding faster as we try to
measure the expansion rate of the distant space with our local earthly time which is slowing down. This anomaly of faster expansion was discovered
by two groups of astronomers in 1998. Another group of scientists from the University of the Basque in Bilbao, and Spain’s University of Salamanca
believe that slowing of our time is causing us to mistakenly interpret these measurements as accelerated expansion of the universe.

The slowing of expansion will eventually cause time to stop and then time will reverse when the universe starts contracting. The Quran clearly
supports this scenario in the following verses in which contraction of the universe is compared to the rolling up of a scroll and also suggests that the
process of creation will be repeated (with the reversal of time).
                  
                                                                    REVERSAL OF GRAVITY AND TRANSFORMATION OF EARTH

Unlike electricity and magnetism gravity is only an attractive force. There is no repulsive gravity in the expanding universe in which we live now. Some
physicists feel that in the contracting universe time can reverse if gravity also reverses. Time and gravity are closely linked and Quran appears to be
describing both the reversal of time and gravity. The reversal of gravity will cause the earth to literally explode. The mountains will fall apart and
red-hot lava will be thrown out lighting up the sky like molten copper.
EARTH: "EMPTY" FROM INSIDE WITH THE SKY IN ITS CENTER

The reversal of gravity will cause the earth to throw out all the mass
inside it to become completely empty.
This will transform earth into
a massive hollow structure with sky trans-located to its center.

This is tremendous event is described in the following verses of the
Quran.
Inside the hollow earth everything will be the exact replica of our present
day world except that time will be passing backwards. This change in the
earth and the sky is also mentioned in the following verses.
                                                                  THE REVERSAL OF TIME AND RISING FROM THE GRAVES


Time is one of the most elusive mysteries of the universe. Time passes slowly within moving objects; slowing progressively as the speed increases
and stops altogether at the speed of light. Time also slows near massive objects like earth, sun, neutron stars where expansion of space is slower,
and stops inside the super massive stars “the black holes," where the expansion of space almost ceases linking time to the expansion of the universe.

Time has a direction, it always moves towards the future. We see rain falling from the sky, objects breaking up, people getting older, and people dying.
We do not see a glass becoming "unbroken" or anyone returning from the dead. That could happen only if time reversed. In the past some physicists
like Michael Berry, Thomas Gold, and Steven Hawking have proposed that time may reverse when the universe begins to contract. Many verses in the
Quran suggest that the Day of Judgment will begin as the universe starts contracting and that is when mankind will rise from the grave.
In the above verses, "The Day" means The Day of Judgment and the contraction of the universe, is compared to the closing of a scroll. This is when
time and gravity will reverse. Earth would then transform into a hollow sphere with sky towards its center. Mankind will rise from the grave inside this
transformed earth and come back alive. Every event will be replayed again as everything has been recorded in time.
As the history of earth runs backwards, nations will return into their own time one after another. All the good and evil deeds of the individuals as well as
nations will be completely exposed with backward passage of time.
The playing back of time will cause people to see what they had done previously.  They will have no control over their hands, feet, mouths, and eyes.
All the wrong and right things that were done before by them will be repeated again.  In this sense, tongues, hands, and feet, will become witnesses
against them in front of the angels and God, and they will not be able to deny any of their wrong doings.
                                                                               NO FREE WILL IN THE CONTRACTING UNIVERSE

Man is given free will and the criteria of right and wrong to choose between good and evil in the expanding universe in which we live; that is when all
our deeds are recorded in time. In the contracting universe time will be playing back therefore there will be no free will. No one will have power to do
harm or good to others, or change anything that they had done in their previous earthly life.
                                                            WILL WE REGRESS TO NOTHINGNESS WITH THE REVERSAL OF TIME?

To an inquiring mind, it may occur that the reversal of time can cause us to rise from the grave and become alive again. If this process remained
unchecked then we will continue to grow younger, pass through our childhood and regress into nothingness in our mother’s wombs. That would surely
be a purposeless exercise. Well not quite so! The thought of the great and final earthquake may instill fear into our hearts, but the real purpose is to
make the higher dimensions accessible for escape from the collapsing universe and the regressive effect of time reversal.

The universe has been designed with great precision; after mankind rises from the grave and becomes alive, arrangements have been made, to
escape the unrelenting effect of time reversal to beyond this universe.  A mechanism similar to the black holes will cause portals or gates to open in
the center sky. To understand this peculiar phenomenon we will briefly look at the concept of higher dimensions.

                                                                                              
 THE HIGHER DIMENSIONS

Mathematically there are an infinite number of dimensions, we however live in a three dimensional space and the concept that there are more than
three dimensions is difficult to imagine. Higher dimensions do exist and Einstein was able to show in his proof of General Relativity that intense gravity
near the sun causes the space to curve in an extra higher dimension. The only way to go beyond the universe is by moving into a higher dimension in
a direction that is perpendicular to our three dimensional space. This is normally not possible as our space is not continuous with the higher
dimensions. For that to happen, our space will have to literally be torn apart first and then be connected to the higher dimensions. This can happen in
the center of the black holes.
                                                 THE BLACK HOLES: “THE BLOCKED GATEWAYS" TO THE HIGHER DIMENSIONS

The opening of gates in the sky is a concept similar to that of black holes. Such openings can be the gateways to beyond the universe through the
higher dimensions. Massive stars, which collapse due to gravity under their own weight, can curve space to form black holes. Gravity in such objects
is so strong that even light cannot escape and they become invisible; hence, the name black holes.  Some physicists believe that space-time may be
ripped apart in the black holes, producing gateways to beyond this universe. The curvature producing mass of the black hole in our present expanding
universe however also blocks the opening, thus preventing anything from escaping to the higher dimensions.
In the contracting universe, the problem of blocked black holes should not exist. The reversal of gravity in the contracting phase will change all large
masses like earth and planets into massive hollow structures with empty skies in their center. In the expanding universe time appears to be linked to
the expansion of space and gravity tends to slow the expansion. In the contracting universe time will be linked to the contraction of space and the
gravity of the earth that is focused toward its center sky will cause the space to contract faster. This will cause faster passage of time leading to further
faster contraction of space; a runaway effect causing fabric of space-time to be torn apart, forming portals or gateways to the higher dimensions. The
weakness of space time in the contracting universe is mentioned in the following verses:
THE DESCRIPTION OF THE ECLIPSE ON THE DAY OF JUDGMENT

The following description of eclipse given in the Quranic verses on the Day of Judgment does not fit either the lunar or solar eclipse.
During a lunar eclipse the earth casts a shadow on the moon however the sun and moon are not united as sun is on the opposite side of the earth.
While in a solar eclipse moon blocks the light of the sun by coming in front of it and the sun and the moon appear to merge (united) in the sky but it is
the sun that is eclipsed.  
It is clear that the verses (75:7-9) do not fit either the lunar or solar eclipse as we know and the statement "When sight is
confounded" is further pointing toward the possibility that appearances on that day will be deceptive.
The above verses appear to accurately depict what will be seen from within the hollow structure of the earth. Mankind will rise from the grave in a
strange, unfamiliar and confusing landscape (when sight is confounded.) The moon will be completely hidden from view being located outside the
earth’s hollow structure (The moon is eclipsed.) The twilight appearance (possibly due to reduced light) will also give an impression of an eclipse. The
gateway to beyond the universe in the center-sky will appear continuously as a single light. This may cause mankind to wonder whether the sun and
the moon have merged (The sun and moon are united). The stars also will disappear from the sky as they will not be visible from within the hollow
structure of the earth.
                                                                        ANGELS DESCEND THROUGH THE GATES IN THE SKY

As the reversed gravity in the contracting universe opens gates in the center-sky of the hollow earth, a spectacular site will be seen (a grand descent)
as thousands of angels descend to accomplish the task assigned to them on the Day of Judgment.
                                                                                  THE FINAL JOURNEY TO THE BEYOND

Time will pass backwards and the history will repeat in reverse over thousands of years, mankind will rise from the grave singly or in groups to face
their deeds. The angels of “The grand descent” may accomplish the task of gathering and removal of humans to “The beyond”; and everyone will be
gathered and no one will be left behind.
In our final journey through the gates that will open in the sky, we may cross many planes or dimensions. The word “ride” is used in the Quran, as if
this journey will be accomplished by riding on "something."
As we leave this universe we may be collected together on some vast plane in another dimension, everyone will come from all times and places in
history to face the judgment of their deeds, heaven and hell.


                                                                                                 WHEN WILL THE DAY OF JUDGMENT ARRIVE?
Superficially, it seems that if we knew the rate at which the expansion of the universe is slowing, then we should be able to predict when the Day of
Judgment will begin. However, if time is related to the expansion of space, we cannot observe the slowing of the expansion and it is impossible to
predict the timing of the Day of Judgment.
The nature of time is such that slowing of time cannot be perceived locally so the beginning of the Day of Judgment cannot be predicted and may
come at any time. Only God, who is beyond our time, knows of the real timing of the Day of Judgment.


                                                                                          
PERCEPTION OF TIME AFTER DEATH

In the Quran, the soul is compared to consciousness and death is compared to sleep. Many verses in the Quran suggest that once death overcomes
us there is no perception of the passage of time and the next thing we see is the Day of Judgment.
On The Day of Judgment, the reality of afterlife and the true religion Islam will become clear to everyone. Those who had indulged in evil deeds and
followed false beliefs will wish that they had never existed; but they will have to face the final justice.  May God have mercy on all of us.
The following verses describe the Day of Judgment in a comprehensive manner. The Day of Judgment will start with the final earthquake causing the
earth to literally explode and throw out all its insides to transform into a massive hollow sphere. The hollowed earth will have the sky towards its
center. Time would be running backward and mankind will begin to rise from the graves coming back alive, one after another, "in scattered groups".
The history of nations will be played back with the reversal of time.  Nations as well as people will be totally powerless caught in the backward flow of
time. They will helplessly reenact and witness their own deeds of the past. This process will continue until each one of us is removed to beyond the
dying universe through the gates in the sky by angels of the grand decent.
                                                                                                                                     SUMMARY

The religious contention that man will rise from the grave is not just a myth or wishful thinking but is based on real scientific principles.  Rising up from
the grave and coming back alive can happen simply with the reversal of time.

The world (but not the universe) can end because of earthquake, tsunami, meteor strike, nuclear war, supernova, and some other natural or manmade
disaster. These are however just local ends that have nothing to do with Day of Judgment. End will not happen on any arbitrary date predicted by
someone.  The end of the universe is an entirely different phenomenon that has been built into the laws of the universe by the creator.

With the tremendous scientific advancements of the twentieth century, we have placed our trust in science and technology to solve all our problems.  
Dazzled by the ability of technology to produce quick results, our faith in God has become weak.  Our actions are for worldly goals, although a stronger
belief in God and fear of accountability in the afterlife could make us better people. We can see the consequences of lacking these in the moral decay
that is afflicting many societies all over the world.

God has sent guidance to human beings according to the conditions existing at that moment in history. When the Pharaohs ruled, magic was a very
popular pastime. Then Moses (Peace be on him) came with miracles from God and defeated the magicians of the Pharaoh's court. The people at the
time of Jesus (Peace be on him) were similarly deep into miracles, and we can see that the life of Jesus is full of miracles.  When Mohammad (Peace
be on him) came, the Arabic language and poetry was at the height of its development. The Quran with its clear message was revealed in the most
eloquent poetry with a style unique and unmatched.
Many verses in the Quran describe the Day of Judgment. We live in a universe that has been expanding since its creation billions of years ago. Both
the birth of the universe with the "Big Bang" and its expansion are described in the Quran. Physicists and astronomers have recently (1998)
discovered that the expansion of the universe appears to be accelerating. This anomalous finding is expected if the expansion of space is linked to
time. The verses of the Quran suggest that the universe will not expand forever and that the Day of Judgment will begin with the contraction of the
universe.

It appears that time and gravity will reverse when the universe begins to contract. Reversal of time will bring about the resurrection from the grave. In
this time and gravity reversed and transformed world we will come across all the good and evil that we did in our lives.
Reversal of gravity will be the cause of the final earthquake mentioned in the Quran. This will change the earth so that it will be turned inside out and
transformed into a giant hollow sphere with the sky towards its center. The reversed gravity focused towards the "earth's center-sky" will have a
runaway effect on space. The space in the center-sky will be literally torn apart to produce openings or gates to the higher dimensions that are beyond
our universe. Through these openings, we will be removed from the collapsing universe.

Everyone will be taken away to escape the unrelenting effect of time reversal that could regress us to nothingness in our mother's wombs. In some
higher dimension or plane mankind will be brought together from all times and places in history, to face the judgment for their deeds and hell or heaven.

From the Quran, it appears that the timing of the Day of Judgment will never be known and it may come at any time. We should be aware that The Day
of Judgment is very near to every one of us as there is no perception of passage of time after death.

As we go through our daily life we should keep in mind that everything big and small that we do is being recorded in time. If we do not take steps to
protect ourselves from evil, in addition to the threat of severe punishment, we stand the chance of great embarrassment on the Day of Judgment. The
reversal of time will expose all our secrets.

I hope this article will serve as a source of warning as well as encouragement to the believers. They will realize that, The Day of Judgment is a
religious, scientific truth which everyone will have to face; and our deeds in this world will determine our fate in the eternal life.  There is no doubt
however, that the real knowledge of the Day of Judgment is with Allah only.
Prophet Ibrahim wanted to know how God gives life to the dead. He was a man of tremendous faith willing to sacrifice his own son for the sake of God,
yet he was looking for something to comfort his heart. Prophet Abraham was shown a great miracle by Allah (SWT) when the pieces of birds he was
told to place on surrounding hills; came back flying to him alive. Ordinary people like us could greatly benefit from some scientific evidence for life
beyond our present day existence in a world where everything is measured by the criteria set by method of logic and scientific discovery.

For Muslims there are many paths to comfort our hearts, one of them being the Quran. There is only one version of the Quran. It is the only religious
book that even the critics of Islam admit was never altered since its revelation to Prophet Mohammed (Peace be upon him) fourteen hundred years
ago. Scientific advancements have provided better understanding of many verses of the Quran that had appeared obscure in the past. The Quran
accurately describes a variety of scientific facts that were discovered in the last one hundred years. For the Muslims this is one of the reasons that the
Quran is truly a revealed book.

Many verses in the Quran describe the future of the universe and The Day of Judgment. The event being depicted is not some local or earthly
catastrophe that is caused by atomic war or natural disaster. The verses appear to describe a cataclysmic event that will affect the whole universe.
Quranic verses allude to the final earthquake, darkening of stars and the sun, opening of gates in the sky and "a time" in which mankind will see what
they had done before so that they will become witnesses against their own selves. It appears that the Quran is describing some major shifts in the laws
of the universe including the reversal of gravity and time.
                                                                THE RECEDING GALAXIES: THE EXPANSION OF THE UNIVERSE

The galaxies are moving away from each other at tremendous speeds. This is ascertained by analyzing the light given off by the galaxies by an
instrument called the spectroscope. The more distant a galaxy is the greater is its speed of recession. This motion of the galaxies is due to the
expansion of the universe which is clearly mentioned in the following verses of the Quran:
As time runs backwards through its history every person should come back in his own time. That the prophets will also return back in their own time as
mentioned in the following verses:
  THE PHYSICS OF THE DAY OF JUDGMENT (1982)
By Dr. Mohammad Humayoun Khan
Madinah Munawarra
drkhan@endphysics.com